The Indian labor force does not take into account that countless, a majority rather of Indian women are involved in unpaid work all of which the country could not function without. Whether it is caregiving, collecting water while traveling long distances, and running the home, it is a tragic thing that these essential activities are being left out of the paid workforce.
Women's contribution to the economy cannot be slighted
While the rest of Asia, except Afghanistan and Pakistan, has reported an increase in the participation of women in their respective workforces, India's female labor force has nothing but dwindled between 1993 and 2016. Therefore, NITI Aayog recently released a statement that aims to solve this issue in a document titled, 'Strategy for New India @ 75'; they have resolved to increase the female workforce by a minimum of 7 percent by 2022-23. The contribution of unpaid work that women make to the economy is something that cannot be underestimated by the government; households would come crumbling down if women did not run homes, cook, clean, and take care of the children and the elderly. What many of us take for granted is actually a luxury for many India, the simple act of collecting water is a challenge for many Indian today. The consensus of 2011 stated that the households who have access to water within 500 meters of their home reduced from 56 percent to 36 percent between 2001 to 2011.
Not all women can afford to outsource housework and childcare
Moreover, the collection of energy is also left to women, whether it's firewood or cattle dung and usage of these on the daily is affecting the health and wellbeing of women due to the fumes they produce. Apart from collecting water and fuel, women also involve various other household activities and while women from a higher economic standing are able to outsource this sort of work. What about women who simply cannot fathom this? As a result, many women resort to part-time work to balance the demands of the home and the need to earn a living. Therefore, one of the ways to help women from various social tiers is to make improvements in the social services sector to ensure that women spend a minimum amount of time on unpaid work, like childcare services, for example; this is one of the biggest reason which prevents women from entering the workforce. This is because many women will only choose to work a paid job if their burden of unpaid work is reduced.
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